Glossary for Lesson 1

Glossary for Lesson 1. SCROLL DOWN to review key names and terms. You may also search for a term by clicking on its first letter below.


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C

Christos

Greek word (transliteration) for Messiah, literally "The Annointed One."

E

Eschatology

Theological term for the study of the "last things."

Euangelion

Greek word (transliteration) for "gospel." Literally means "good news."

Eusebius

Early Christian historian (263-340). Wrote Ecclesiastical History, in which he quotes Origen's comments about the four gospels.

I

Irenaeus

Early Christian writer (130-202). Wrote Against Heresies, in which he says the following about the four gospels: "It is not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number than they are... He who was manifested to men [that is, Jesus], has given us the Gospel under four aspects, but bound together by one Spirit."

J

Josephus

Jewish historian from the 1st century A.D. Mentions Jesus Christ in his writings.

K

Kurios

Greek word (transliteration) for "Lord."

O

Origen

Early Christian writer (185-232 AD), who argued that only the four gospels we now have were authentic. Eusebius quotes him as saying, "The four Gospels...are the only indisputable ones in the Church of God under heaven."

P

Plutarch

Secular Greek historian, A.D. 46-120. Wrote Life of Cicero.

S

Synoptic

Means "seen together." The term is used for the first three gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, because of their similarities.

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